The storm caused moderate to severe beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads. Storm surge, the temporary rise in sea level beneath a storm, becomes dangerous when the storm – typically a hurricane or other tropical storm - reaches land. The _____ air mass is the most important contributor to lake-effect snow. Over the entire year, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida between Tampa and Orlando. Irma moved quickly northward, just inland from the west coast of Florida on September 10 th and 11 th. This is due to the presence, on many days during the year, of a large moisture content in the atmosphere at low levels (below 5,000 feet), as well as high surface temperatures that produce strong sea breezes along the Florida coasts. It was a harbinger of things to come, being the first of four hurricanes to affect Florida in … What causes the Florida thunderstorm maximum? The figure above shows the average number of thunderstorm days each year throughout the United States. Tropical cyclone, also called typhoon or hurricane, an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds, and heavy rain.Drawing energy from the sea surface and maintaining its strength as long as it remains over warm water, a tropical cyclone generates winds that exceed 119 km (74 miles) per hour. High winds briefly closed the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola. 3. Describe the role of vertical wind shear in the development of a severe thunderstorm. Naples, Florida reported a peak wind gust of 142 MPH. Charley caused ten direct fatalities in the U.S. and an estimated $14 billion in economic losses. Review Questions: 1. On the eastern shores Which of the following best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow? the Florida peninsula from Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm Coast (north of Daytona Beach). 2. 4. The difference between a thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm is the wind field. continental polar The highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the Great Lakes. Winds along the Florida panhandle peaked at 56 mph (90 km/h) in Pensacola, with gusts to 71 mph (114 km/h). The major hurricane made landfall near Marco Island in southwest Florida around 3 pm EDT on September 10 th, as a category-3 storm with 115 MPH. Lakeland, Florida averages 100 thunderstorm days a year, the most of any significant city in the entire country. Briefly describe the characteristics of the mature stage of the life cycle of a thunderstorm cell. Cold, dry air from the North meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the lake, which then becomes unstable. Other parts of the world that have damaging hailstorms … Chapter 11 Thunderstorms and Tornadoes . A thunderstorm will form first and develop toward the region that has the best combination of: high PBL moisture, low convective inhibition, CAPE and lifting mechanisms. Over the entire year, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida between Tampa and Orlando. The area where these three states meet – “hail alley” – averages seven to nine hail days per year. A multi-cell storm is a common, garden-variety thunderstorm in which new updrafts form along the leading edge of rain-cooled air (the gust front).Individual cells usually last 30 to 60 minutes, while the system as a whole may last for many hours. Multicell storms may produce hail, strong winds, brief tornadoes, and/or flooding. Although Florida has the most thunderstorms, Nebraska, Colorado, and Wyoming usually have the most hailstorms. 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