Royal Navy HMS Zulu British Tribal Class Destroyer . [38] As the designs for the H-42, H-43, and H-44 battleships were purely conjectural, no actual work was begun. [38], On 8 February 1942, Albert Speer became the Reichsminister for Armaments and Munitions and gained influence over the Navy's construction programs. [5] Their barbettes had 80 mm (3.1 in) thick armor protection. H-44 was the largest and most powerful. [11] The OKM planned to begin construction six to nine months after demobilization, initially at Blohm & Voss and the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel. and the loss of the Scharnhorst … Bismarck is superior to Hood, H-class is (slightly) superior to Lion. The first variation, “H-39,” called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck-class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. Construction was stopped on October 10th, 1939 as the focus in German naval construction switched to the construction of more U-boats instead of battleships. The list of battleship classes includes all Ironclad battleship classes listed in chronological order by first commission. It was reasoned that direct shell hits would cause localized damage that could be better isolated than damage from splinters, which could cause extensive flooding. [6], Admiral Werner Fuchs, responsible for the staff section in the OKM that determined the operating requirements for the ship, discussed the vessel's design with Adolf Hitler, the leader of Germany. Afilliation Kriegsmarine Max. One of the reasons behind this conversion was to give these ships a larger caliber weapon than those planned for any known Allied battleship. This is a 700,000 ton German battleship built to carry a battery of eight 80 cm/31.5 guns, the siege gun Gustav. [37], Details on the propulsion systems for these designs are fragmentary and in some cases contradictory. The first variation, "H-39," called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck-class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. [11], The ships' main armor decks were substantially strengthened: the deck was increased in thickness from 120 mm (4.7 in) to 200 mm (7.9 in) and the sloped armor at the edges was thickened from 150 mm (5.9 in) to 175 mm (6.9 in). The designers envisaged that the ‘H-39’ class ships would engage in combat at comparatively short ranges, and therefore opted for a basic armour scheme of the type which had been used on German battleships since the ‘Nassau’ class dreadnought battleships of 1907. [13][14], As finalized, the H-39 design called for a ship 266 m (873 ft) long at the waterline and 277.8 m (911 ft) long overall. There even would have been no usable port for a H44 in Germany. [22], Sixteen dual-mounted 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 C33 Flak guns provided long-range defense against aircraft. The six battleships of the H-class were the projected successors of the battleships Bismarck and Tirpitz . Work on the first two was suspended and the other four were not laid down, as it was believed they would not be finished before the war was over. The turrets allowed for elevation to 30 degrees, which provided a maximum range of approximately 36,400 m (119,400 ft). Contracts for the other four "H-39" type ships had been awarded, but no work was begun on any of them before they were canceled. It displaced 18,000 tons, was 526 feet long, and carried a crew of about 800. The first variation, "H-39," called for six ships to be built, essentially as enlarged Bismarck class battleships with 40.6 cm (16.0 in) guns. Being a enlarged version of the H42, the new design had no counterpart in other contries. The first proposals were bigger and more heavily armed evolutions of the original Bismarck-class construction, and would have been made before 1945 in plan Z (read more about this elsewhere). hclass , battleship , ships , water , transport , boats Uploaded by Wyrmshadow into Watercraft - Ships - Battleships 3D Models . HMS Belfast Light Cruiser . The "H" class battleships were a part of Germany's "Z" plan, the German Navy's master plan to build a balanced fleet to challenge Allied supremacy at sea. In order to maintain displacement and speed and accommodate the increased weight of the additional armor protection, the design staff drew up an informal design, known as "Scheme A." Those ships, which would have been the core of the fleet build according to the Z-Plan, were mainly enlarged and improved versions of their predecessors. H CLASS BATTLESHIPS (Schlachtschiffe H Klasse) The Z Plan contemplated the construction of six large battleships of over 52,000 metric tons each armed with eight 40.6cm guns. [lower-alpha 5] The Oberkommando der Marine (OKM) issued staff requirements at the end of October for a sh… But it was designed just to appease Hitler. It simply wasn’t useful for Germany to build a battle line in the run up or during WWII. The H class was a series of battleship designs for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, which were intended to fulfill the requirements of Plan Z in the late 1930s and early 1940s. (Schlachtschiff  [31] These studies were abandoned in 1941 after Hitler decided to halt further battleship construction until after the end of the war. H-Class Battleships. It was estimated that it would take a 700,000 ton ship to mount them. "[22], The design team envisioned the H-class ships fighting at relatively close range, and therefore selected the armor system that had been used by German battleship constructors since the Nassau class of 1907. H CLASS BATTLESHIP, H CLASS BATTLESHIP - H CLASS BATTLESHIP N3101 Class of 6 Battleships designated H, J, K , L, M & N ordered 1939. Most of the designs had a top speed in excess of 30 knots (56 km/h). [32] The OKM was aware that the British had settled on a 40.6 cm gun for the proposed Lion class; the 42 cm gun would grant the H-41 design a significant advantage over these new adversaries. It appeared that Japan would not ratify the Second London Naval Treaty, which would bring an escalator clause that permitted signatories to arm battleships with guns of up to 40.6 cm (16.0 in) caliber. (Mon - Fri) This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. On paper the germans "win". Those ships, which would have been the core of the fleet build according to the Z-Plan, were mainly enlarged and improved versions of their predecessors. Line Drawing of the German H-39 Class Battleship. Flower Class Corvette Snowberry 501 parts. Design of these ships started in 1937, and a total construction time of 50 months was projected to complete a ship of this class. The H-class battleships were a super-class planned by the German Navy during World War II, after the Bismarck-class battleships. Fuchs eventually convinced Hitler that the 40.6 cm gun was the optimal choice for the H-39 design. [18] Fire control radar was unspecified, but the ships, which were to have been completed by 1944, presumably would have been equipped with an arrangement similar to that of Tirpitz as she was outfitted in 1943–44. [5] The upper side belt was 145 mm (5.7 in) thick. [37] The increased size of the ships would have lengthened the building time from four to five years. The German Navy did not seriously consider construction on any of the designs, which were so large that they could not have been built in a traditional slipway. The only option that allowed the displacement to be maintained while armor thicknesses to be increased was to reduce the ships' fuel supplies. The displacement for H-44 was 131,000 t (129,000 long tons; 144,000 short tons) as designed and up to 139,272 long tons (141,507 t) at full load. Royal Navy HMS Roberts Monitor . Indeed, the Construction Office of the OKM sought to disassociate itself from the projects, which they found to be of doubtful merit and unnecessary for German victory. [5] The 40.6 cm (16 in) gun was 50 calibers long and fired at a muzzle velocity of 810 meters per second (2,657 ft/s). 1938, 2 battleships, and 1939 3 Battleships, of the lion class. The belt was reduced to 220 mm (8.7 in) on either end of the main section; the stern and bow were unprotected by the main belt. Erich Gröner notes that "some [had] pure [diesel] engine propulsion, others [had] hybrid engine/turbine propulsion systems," but does not record the type and performance for these propulsion systems. Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger, eds (1980). [20] These were the same secondaries employed on the Scharnhorst and Bismarck classes. With the ship fully loaded, at 62,600 long tons (63,600 t), draft rose significantly, to 11.2 m (37 ft). The Battleship H-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship. The H-39 was a proposed class of battleships for the German Navy. The Montana-class battleship was a class of planned battleships for the United States Navy.The class was designed to replace the Iowa-class battleships.. A force of six H-39 class battleships was the centerpiece of the fleet. 1/700 German Battleship H-Class H-39 Hutten. Royal Navy HMS Hood Battleship . 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UNAM Ced. Prof. 1467928‏